Human Resource Management
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Managing people, human capital and culture - Human Resource Management (HRM) is critical for business success. HRM Guide publishes articles and news releases about HR surveys, employment law, human resource research, HR books and careers that bridge the gap between theory and practice.

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PHR/SPHR

PHR/SPHR: Professional in Human Resources Certification Study Guide

by Sandra M Reed and Anne M. Bogardus
The Professional in Human Resources (PHR) and Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR) exams from the Human Resources Certification Institute (HRCI) reflect the evolving industry standards for determining competence in the field of HR. Serving as an ideal resource for HR professionals who are seeking to validate their skills and knowledge.
This new edition is must-have preparation for those looking to take the PHR or SPHR certification exams in order to strengthen their resume.
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PHR Study Guide 2017

PHR Study Guide 2019-2020: PHR Certification Test Prep and Practice Questions for the Professional in Human Resources Exam

Think all PHR/SPHR study guides are the same? Think again! With easy to understand lessons and practice test questions designed to maximize your score, you'll be ready.
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Corporate Communication

Corporate Communication: A Guide to Theory and Practice

by Joep P. Cornelissen
  Academically grounded, it covers the key concepts, principles and models within corporate communication by bringing together academic knowledge and insights from the subject areas of management and communication
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Opiates vs Opioids: A Guide to the Key Differences

opiates vs opioids

November 16 2019 - Every day, we hear stories on the news about the dangers of opiates and opioids. In the United States alone, more than 130 Americans die every day from opioid or opiate overdose.

You've probably heard the terms used interchangeably throughout your life, but did you know that there is a significant difference between the two?

Keep reading for a side-by-side comparison of opiates vs opioids.

Opiates vs Opioids

First things first, what’s the difference between opiates and opioids?

While most people use these terms interchangeably, there is a very distinct (but simple) difference between the two.

The term opiate refers to natural chemicals derived from opium. Opium is extracted from the opium poppy plant.

Think back to the Wizard of Oz and the field of poppies.

Opioids are chemicals that react with the same receptors in your brain as opiates, however, opioids are not derived from the opium poppy. They are synthetic chemicals made by researchers and scientists.

Opioids can be fully synthetic or partially synthetic. While fully synthetic opioids are manufactured in a lab, partially synthetic opioids are considered a hybrid, where a synthetic chemical is bound to a natural opiate.

Both opioids and opiates are extremely powerful in blocking pain receptors in the brain. Both opiates and opioids can be legally prescribed by doctors for pain relief.

Types of Opiates

Some examples of opiates include:

  • Codeine
  • Morphine

Opiates often have negative effects such as drowsiness and physical dependence. Since the risk for abuse and addiction is so high, these drugs are highly regulated by the CSA, or controlled substances act.

Types of Opioids

Some examples of opioids include:

  • Fentanyl
  • Methadone
  • Heroin
  • Oxycodone
  • Hydrocodone

Oxycodone and hydrocodone are examples of semi-synthetic opioids. In terms of oxycodone vs hydrocodone, there isn't much of a difference. Studies show that their pain-relieving properties are nearly identical, however, hydrocodone is also effective as a cough suppressant.

Addiction

While both opiates and opioids can be prescribed by doctors, the unfortunate truth is that both substances are extremely addictive. It is estimated that over 2 million Americans struggle with opiate or opioid addiction.

Detoxing from these chemicals can be very stressful and ultimately very hard on the body. This can cause extreme adverse reactions during the withdrawal phase.

A person struggling with opiate or opioid addiction should always seek professional help. Quitting cold turkey without the supervision of a doctor is very dangerous and can sometimes be life-threatening.

It's a Give and Take Battle

The war on drugs is an ever-changing battle. It’s easy to judge those who suffer from addiction, but opiate and opioid addiction often stem from some sort of accident, where the doctor prescribed pain medication.

Let’s recap: opiates vs opioids

Opiates are pure chemicals that are extracted from the opium plant. Opioids are chemicals that react with the same receptors but are synthetically manufactured.

For more articles relating to substance misuse, browse through our psychology articles.

More Psychology Articles






Successful Onboarding

Successful Onboarding: Strategies to Unlock Hidden Value Within Your Organization

Mark Stein and Lilith Christiansen
  Fact: 1/3rd of all external hires are no longer with the organization after 2 years. What can you do about it? In a word: onboarding; although poorly understood, subject to narrow definitions, and with limited best practice understanding or management rigor. Consultants Mark Stein & Lilith Christiansen have worked with leading companies on it, and they've synthesized their work into a ready to use system.
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The HR Answer Book

The HR Answer Book: An Indispensable Guide for Managers and Human Resources Professionals

by Shawn A. Smith, Rebecca A. Mazin
  The HR Answer Book addresses 200 questions that every employer needs to deal with, from recruiting and hiring to discipline and termination, compensation and benefits to training and employee relations. Accessible and concise, this on-the-job companion offers expert guidance on all types of "people" issues.
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