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PHR/SPHR: Professional in Human Resources Certification Study Guide

by Sandra M Reed and Anne M. Bogardus
The Professional in Human Resources (PHR) and Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR) exams from the Human Resources Certification Institute (HRCI) reflect the evolving industry standards for determining competence in the field of HR. Serving as an ideal resource for HR professionals who are seeking to validate their skills and knowledge.
This new edition is must-have preparation for those looking to take the PHR or SPHR certification exams in order to strengthen their resume.
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PHR Study Guide 2017

PHR Study Guide 2017: PHR Certification Test Prep and Practice Questions for the Professional in Human Resources Exam

Think all PHR®/SPHR® study guides are the same? Think again! With easy to understand lessons and practice test questions designed to maximize your score, you'll be ready.
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Corporate Communication

Corporate Communication: A Guide to Theory and Practice

by Joep P. Cornelissen
  Academically grounded, it covers the key concepts, principles and models within corporate communication by bringing together academic knowledge and insights from the subject areas of management and communication
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Extraordinary Ability Alien, Outstanding Researcher and National Interest Waiver by Suzanne Brummett

1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ]


In this installment of my four-part article on the extraordinary ability alien, outstanding professors and researchers, and national interest waivers under the employment-based immigrant visa categories, tips and strategies in preparing your application will be discussed.

Tips and Strategies in
Preparing your Application

Articulate your area of expertise

Clearly explain, define and articulate, in layman's terms, your area of expertise, your most significant research or significant contribution to the field. It is best to write this down on paper so that you can refine and adapt this. Because your case will be submitted entirely in written format, drafting and revising your explanation of your expertise will be more effective in conveying to the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Service (BCIS) officer your background and legal arguments.

Remember you may need to obtain documentary evidence explaining terms or to help explain why your research is so important. The BCIS officers adjudicating your petition are not experts in your field, and scientific terms may be difficult to understand. They may easily overlook the significance of your research or your accomplishments. You need to take the time to help them to understand why your evidence is significant. You may need to do additional research to help explain terms and concepts. The Internet is an easy avenue and a great source for this type of information. Showing government interests or funding is always helpful.

Peer Letters of Support

Create a list of letter writers who may be willing and able to provide letters explaining why your research is internationally recognized and why you are considered to be at the "top of your field" or "outstanding." Gather the names of your potential letter writers, even before you speak with them to get their consent. This way you can selectively chose whom to contact and in what order. You may need to seek assistance from a colleague or an employer who may be willing to intervene on your behalf.

Your list of letter writers should include contact information, how they know you and what they can say to corroborate your expertise and international acclaim. Conduct Internet research about your letter writers and print out materials on their background and/or obtain their curricula vitae and other evidence demonstrating their expertise in the field of endeavor. Background information on your letter writers is important as you need to explain their stature within the scientific community, which will bolster their credibility. This is important, as your letter writers will need to express their opinions regarding your publications, authorship of books or articles and scholarly research in their letters.

You should try to obtain a combination of letters from peers who can corroborate your stated achievements and independent references from others who know your work through your international reputation, conference publications or publications. Letters from individuals working at institutional research facilities, universities and government research facilities who worked directly with you are many times overlooked by BCIS examiners. However, be prepared to argue their relevance and be ready to rebut these allegations.

Documentary evidence

Create a list of evidence that will be submitted with your petition to the BCIS. Your list should include headings based on the criteria required under each category and insert the evidence into each category. Scrutinize each piece of evidence and focus on how this evidence proves "international recognition" within your field. Organize everything in a binder or folder and separate each piece of evidence by category. Peruse your evidence carefully and remember that some evidence may fall into more than one criterion.

Publications, Original Scientific or Scholarly Research Contributions, Authorship of Scholarly Books or Articles

Gather all your evidence together and place it in a binder or folder, labeling each piece of evidence by category. If possible, request more than one set of copies. The reason that organization is very important is that the documents you gather may be voluminous. Thus, to ensure that nothing becomes "lost in the crowd," each document must be placed under the proper category. This will facilitate easy review of all of your works.

Reference to your work is also important

Do citation searches, as widely cited or followed work is given considerable weight. Keep in mind that ranking the total number of citations to your scientific journals may not be enough. However, citation rankings coupled with other corroborative evidence from the letter writers or other documentary evidence that the author's work has been widely cited or followed is key.

Next: Part 4. Requests for Evidence and Appeals

Copyright © 2003 Suzanne Brummett. All Rights Reserved

Suzanne G. Brummett is an experienced immigration attorney

Suzanne G. Brummett is an experienced immigration attorney who received her Juris Doctor from the University of San Diego School of Law in San Diego, California. Ms. Brummett also received two Bachelor of Arts degrees in International Relations and Spanish from the University of San Diego. She currently limits her practice to immigration law and is a published author of immigration related articles for The Scientist magazine and the Association for Women in Science, San Diego Chapter Newsletter.

In her immigration law career, Ms. Brummett has successfully handled business immigration matters for entrepreneurs, start-up companies and large multinational corporate clients in the software, telecommunications, biotechnology, engineering and automobile manufacturing industries.

Her website is at:

Successful Onboarding

Successful Onboarding: Strategies to Unlock Hidden Value Within Your Organization

Mark Stein and Lilith Christiansen
  Fact: 1/3rd of all external hires are no longer with the organization after 2 years. What can you do about it? In a word: onboarding; although poorly understood, subject to narrow definitions, and with limited best practice understanding or management rigor. Consultants Mark Stein & Lilith Christiansen have worked with leading companies on it, and they've synthesized their work into a ready to use system.
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The HR Answer Book

The HR Answer Book: An Indispensable Guide for Managers and Human Resources Professionals

by Shawn A. Smith, Rebecca A. Mazin
  The HR Answer Book addresses 200 questions that every employer needs to deal with, from recruiting and hiring to discipline and termination, compensation and benefits to training and employee relations. Accessible and concise, this on-the-job companion offers expert guidance on all types of "people" issues.
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